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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 105-115

Inflection point in glioma growth and angiogenesis driven by potassium channels


1 Department of Molecular Oncology, Scintilla Academy for Applied Sciences' Education and Research, Molecular Diagnostics Labs, Scintilla Bio-MARC, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Molecular Oncology, Scintilla Academy for Applied Sciences' Education and Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Divya Khaitan
Department of Molecular Oncology, Scintilla Academy for Applied Sciences' Education and Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
Dr. Nagendra Ningaraj
Department of Molecular Oncology, Scintilla Academy for Applied Sciences' Education and Research, Molecular Diagnostics Labs, Scintilla Bio-MARC, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/glioma.glioma_12_19

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Background and Aim: The overexpression and alternative splicing of calcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1 (KCNMA1) that encodes large-conductance calcium-activated voltage-sensitive potassium (BKCa) channels are implicated in the development of human cancers. Dysfunctional angiogenesis in hypoxic tumors is a challenge to intravenous anticancer drug treatments. Hypoxic factors also lead to abnormal vascular functions posing hurdle for anticancer drug delivery to tumors. The aim of this study was to explore the role of BKCachannels in tumor angiogenesis, specifically with regard to release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Materials and Methods: We subjected the glioma cells under hypoxia and normoxia and studied the expression and activity of BKCachannels in in vitro and in vivo tumor models. Then, we studied the proangiogenic factor, VEGF, in tumors and monitored the neoangiogenic process. The study protocol was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, Mercer University, Atlanta, GA, USA (approved No. A0706007_01) on July 20, 2007. Results: We presented in vivo and cell based in vitro experimental evidence on the direct and indirect interactions of BKCachannels with VEGF signaling. There was evidence that under hypoxia, glioma cells overexpressed KCNMA1 and increased VEGF secretion. By inhibiting KCNMA1, we showed that VEGF secretion was significantly reduced, thus potentially controlling angiogenesis, which has implications for vascular permeability and anticancer drug delivery. Moreover, there were differences in alternate splicing of KCNMA1 between normal and malignant cells under hypoxia and normoxia. Conclusion: We conclude that BKCachannels regulate hypoxia-induced angiogenesis. Therefore, serious effort is needed to better understand the molecular mechanisms of BKCachannelopathies triggering angiogenesis and progression of glioma. The modulators of BKCachannels could be viable in new anticancer therapeutics.


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