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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 96-104

Real-world management and survival outcomes of patients with newly diagnosed gliomas from a single institution in China: A retrospective cohort study

Department of Neurosurgery and Neuro-Oncology, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Zhongping Chen
Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, 651 Dong Feng East Road, Guangzhou 510060, Guangdong Province
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/glioma.glioma_14_19

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Background and Aim: Guidelines recommend adjuvant treatment for patients with high-grade gliomas and low-grade gliomas with high risk of progression. In clinical practice, however, treatments may not conform to these suggested guidelines. In this study, we reviewed the treatments and outcomes in patients with gliomas at Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC), China. Materials and Methods: Medical records and radiologic images of 1215 glioma patients who underwent surgery at the center from 2000 to 2017 were retrospectively reviewed, and their clinicopathological characteristics, treatment method, and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of SYSUCC on February 20, 2019 (approval No. GZR2019-219). Results: A total of 1001 patients diagnosed with glioma (initially World Health Organization 2007 criteria, then 2016 criteria) were enrolled, including 90 patients with Grade I, 307 Grade II, 239 Grade III, and 365 Grade IV gliomas. A total of 331 of 604 patients with high-grade glioma (54.8%) and 159 of 397 with low-grade glioma (40.1%) received postsurgical radiotherapy, and 285 patients with high-grade tumors (47.1%) and 80 with low-grade tumors (20.2%) received adjuvant chemotherapy. The median OS was 17.5 months for Grade IV and 43.1 months for Grade III gliomas. The median OS of patients with low-grade glioma was not reached. The 5-year survival rates of patients with Grades I, II, III, and IV gliomas were 94.7%, 73.7%, 45.7%, and 18.6%, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified onset age, preoperative seizure, tumor location, pathological subtype, resection extent, and postsurgical treatment as independent predictors of OS in patients with high-grade gliomas. Patients with high-grade glioma who received postsurgical treatment had better survival than those without adjuvant therapy (Grade III: 52.6 vs. 20.3 months, P = 0.012; Grade IV: 22.6 vs. 12.1 months, P < 0.001). Among patients with diffuse low-grade gliomas, age, performance status, preoperative seizure, Ki-67 index, tumor subtype, and resection extent were associated with clinical outcomes. Conclusion: Glioma patients are not always treated according to guidelines. Although standard care may lead to favorable prognoses, individualized treatments may be more acceptable and result in better outcomes and should thus be considered in routine clinical practice.

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