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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-23

Evaluation of combination gene therapy with SLC22A18 upregulation and sequence binding protein 1 downregulation for glioma U251 cells in vitro and in vivo


Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shenghua Chu
Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 280 Mohe Road, Baoshan District, Shanghai 201999
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/glioma.glioma_19_19

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Background and Aim: Our previous study demonstrated that SLC22A18 downregulation through promoter methylation and Sequence binding protein 1 (SATB1) upregulation are associated with the development and progression of glioma. This study aimed to examine the effect of combined SLC22A18 and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting SATB1 gene therapy on glioma growth and invasion. Materials and Methods: Here, a combined gene therapy to upregulate SLC22A18 and downregulate SATB1 in malignant glioma was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Glioma U251 cells overexpressing SLC22A18 and underexpressing SATB1 were generated to investigate the effects of these changes on cell survival, as measured by the methyl thiazol tetrazolium assay, and on cell invasion, as measured by cell invasion and migration assays. In addition, analysis of the cell cycle was performed using flow cytometry in vitro. The animal experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University Ethics Committees (approval No. ZNHWHU0389, NTPHSHJTUSM046). Results: The upregulation of SLC22A18 and downregulation of SATB1 significantly inhibited growth and invasion in vitro and reduced in vivo tumor growth of human glioma U251 cells. Furthermore, we revealed that U251 cells were arrested at the G0/G1 phase. Similar data for apoptotic glioma cell death were obtained in tumor cells from an in vivo glioma xenograft model after transfection. At the same total dose, the therapeutic effect was markedly better in the glioma xenografts transfected with both SLC22A18 gene and SATB1 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression vectors compared with tumors transfected with either agent alone. The levels of SLC22A18 and SATB1 protein expression were respectively increased and decreased in the glioma cells.Conclusion: These results demonstrate that combination treatment with SLC22A18 gene and SATB1 shRNA expression vectors effectively inhibits the growth of human malignant glioma cells both in vitro and in glioma xenografts in vivo, suggesting a promising novel strategy for glioma therapy that warrants further study.


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