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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 34-36

Unexpected upper limb compartment syndrome due to venous thrombosis in frontal glioma surgery: A case report

1 Department of Anaesthesiology, S.M.B.T Medical College and IMSRC, Igatpuri, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain, Tata Memorial Hospital, Homi Bhabha National University, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amit Mahadev Dalvi
Room 1002, Om Sai Krupa Apartment, Vasant Kunj, Near Lok Puram Thane (West), Mumbai - 400 610, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/glioma.glioma_4_20

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Although it is well known that 49% cases of upper limb deep-vein thrombosis are due to malignancies and the likelihood of venous thromboembolism is increased in patients with high grade gliomas due to the heightened prothrombotic milieu, requisite preoperative laboratory coagulation studies are not performed routinely in these patients to decide whether appropriate antithrombotic medications are required preoperatively. In addition, it is controversial whether antithrombotic therapy should be initiated before neurosurgery in view of the risk of intraoperative bleeding. Here, we have described the case of a 29-year-old female with high grade frontal malignant astrocytoma who developed the extremely rare complication of upper limb compartment syndrome postoperatively. The patient had no history of thrombotic events, and her basic laboratory parameters were not deranged in the pre-operative period. This rare case, supported with a literature review, suggested that the risk of thrombosis is increased in high grade and large gliomas, making us rethink the overall battery of investigations and perioperative medical management of such cases. We strongly recommend peri-operative coagulation studies and appropriate antithrombotic measures along with vigilant perioperative monitoring to avoid thrombotic complication in this subset of patients.

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